Country Findings


For detailed CAT-S Phase 1 findings, please visit our Data Visualization page.

Since 2001, the Asia and the pacific region, has seen a 20% drop in the new HIV infections. In that same time the number of people living with HIV/AIDS who have access to ART has tripled. Despite this progress, access to ART, remains very low, with over 60% of PLHIV not having access to treatment. Overall, the East, South and South East, Asian region has some of the lowest levels of access in the world. For many years PLHIV groups were raising voice against a lack of rigorous research and information on the barriers and enablers to access to treatment, care and support. Historically studies in the region have been ad-hoc, and not representative of the needs and experiences of those affected by the disease.

The overall objective of the CAT Study is to monitor and document the issues related to PLHIV’s access to HIV treatment, care and support services in Asia and the Pacific region. The specific objectives of this study is to assess the HIV treatment-related issues such as access to pre-ART care, ART, ART adherence, treatment literacy, high risk behaviours, mental health status, health seeking behaviours, etc. and, to monitor changes in key issues in community access to treatment, care and support services.

There were 7,843 persons living with HIV enrolled in the CATS-study across the seven countries. The overall mean age of the sample was 33.96 years with a standard deviation of 6.98 years. There were more males (n= 4,717) enrolled in the study than females (n=3,126), and in the case of the Philippines (87.7 percent) and Pakistan (67.8 percent) the number of males was much greater. There were 190 transgender enrolled in the study, representing less than one percent of total enrollment in each country. The exception was Indonesia with almost 8 percent enrollment of transgender. For countries, over 50 percent of the study population is married with the exception of the Philippines in which 70 percent of those enrolled are single and male. The studies focused on the age group of 18-50 years.

 BangladeshLao PDRNepal Pakistan Philippines Vietnam Indonesia Consolidated
Sample size6005301,5985251,3201,6151,6557,843
Number of data collectors1511141114151898
Ethical approvalBangladesh Medical Research Council (BMRC)Center for HIV/AIDS and STI (CHAS)Nepal Health Research Council (NHRC)Bridge Consultants FoundationDOH Ethics Committee (DREC)Ha Noi School of Public HealthAtmajaya
Start interview date26-Nov-1204-Jan-1301-Oct-1221-Nov-1206-Nov-1204-Dec-1217-Nov-1201-Oct-12
Latest interview date30-Apr-1307-Mar-1329-Mar-1304-Mar-1307-May-1321-Mar-1331-May-1331-May-13
Average time to complete question in minutes7169647757695364
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